Participatory approaches to the development of a Theory of Change: Beginnings of a list


There have been quite a few generic guidance documents written on the use of Theories of Change. These are not the main focus of this list. Nevertheless, here are those I have come across:

Klein, M (2018) Theory of Change Quality Audit, at

UNDG (2017) Theory of Change – UNDAF Companion Guidance, UNDG.

Van Es M, Guijt I and Vogel I (2015) Theory of Change Thinking in Practice. HIVOS. of Change_guidelines_final_nov_2015.pdf.

Valters C (2015) Theories of Change: Time for a radical approach to learning in development. ODI.

Rogers P (2014) Theory of Change. Methodological Briefs Impact Evaluation No. 2. UNICEF.

Vogel I (2012) Review of the use of ‘Theory of Change’ in international development. Review Report for DFID. of Change_Review_VogelV7.pdf

Vogel I (2012) ESPA guide to working with Theory of Change for research projects. LTS/ITAD for ESPA.

Stein, D., & Valters, C. (2012). Understanding Theory in Change in International Development. The Asia Foundation.

James, C. (2011, September). Theory of Change Review. A Report Commissioned by Comic Relief. of Change.pdf

UNDAF (UNDG, 2017).

Participatory approaches to ToC construction

Burbaugh B, Seibel M and Archibald T (2017) Using a Participatory Approach to Investigate a Leadership Program’s Theory of Change. Journal of Leadership Education 16(1): 192–205.

Katherine Austin-Evelyn and Erin Williams  (2016) Mapping Change for Girls, One Post-It Note at a Time. Blog posting

Breuer E, Lee L, De Silva M, et al. (2016) Using theory of change to design and evaluate public health interventions: a systematic review. Implementation science: IS 11: 63. DOI: 10.1186/s13012-016-0422-6. Recommended

Breuer E, De Silva MJ, Fekadu A, et al. (2014) Using workshops to develop theories of change in five low and middle-income countries: lessons from the programme for improving mental health care (PRIME). International Journal of Mental Health Systems 8: 15. DOI: 10.1186/1752-4458-8-15.

De Silva MJ, Breuer E, Lee L, et al. (2014) Theory of Change: a theory-driven approach to enhance the Medical Research Council’s framework for complex interventions. Trials 15: 267. DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-15-267.